Russian Longterm-Flight – Phase 3


The mission of the 17th main crew (HM-17) on board of the space station MIR lasted from 04. October 1994 to 22. March 1995 (a total of 170 days). The crew consisted of the commander Aleksandr Stepanovich Viktorenko, the board engineer Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova. The scientific cosmonaut (WK), Dr. Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov, who has worked on the space station as a member of HM-15 and HM-16 for 270 days, continued his work again as a member of HM-17.

Flight program
04.10.1994Launch of the space transporter Soyuz TM-20 into orbit;
06.10.1994Docking of the space transporter Soyuz TM-20 on the space station;
06.10.1994 – 04.11.1994Common work of the crews HM-16, HM-17 and the cosmonaut of the ESA Ulf Merbold (Realization of the program EUROMIR-94);
04.11.1994Undocking of the space transporter Soyuz TM-19 from the space station with the crew HM-16 and the ESA-cosmonaut Ulf Merbold;
13.11.1994 – 16.02.1995Working with the cargo transporter Progress M-25;
11.01.1995Change of the docking of the space transporter Soyuz TM-20;
17.02.1995 – 15.03.1995Working with the cargo transporter Progress M-26;
16.03.1995 – 22.03.1995Common working from the crews HM-17 and HM-18 (final phase of the program HM-17 and the record longterm flight of the medical cosmonaut, initial phase of the program “MIR-Shuttle”);
22.03.1995Return from orbit and landing of the space transporter Soyuz TM-20, closing of the work of HM-17 and the doctor`s record longterm flight.

In the final phase of HM-17 the crews of two expeditions (HM-17 and HM-18 with the members Vladimir Nikolayevich Dezhurov, Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov and the American astronaut Norman Taggart) were working on board of the space station.

Basic characteristics of the program HM-17 were the ending of the medical cosmonaut`s record longterm flight, the realization of the longterm flight program of a female cosmonaut, the realization of the program “EUROMIR-94”, the initiation of the common flight as per the program “MIR-Shuttle”.

Modified experiment equipments and -methodes

By the redevelopement of the equipment KYMO an advancement in data accuracy and amplification of the acquired parameters and the amount of data could be achieved. KYMO-2 supported the following experiments:

These equipments were transported to the space station in time before the beginning of the phase RLF-3, so that immediately in the beginning of the phase the experiments could be arranged with the new methode.