Russian Longterm-Flight – Phase 2


The 16th main crew`s (HM-16) mission on the space station MIR lasted from 01. July 1994 to the 04. November 1994 (a total of 126 days). The crew consisted of the commandant (KO) of the crew Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko and the board engineer (BI) Talgat Amangeldyevich Musabayev. The scientific cosmonaut (WK), Dr. Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov, who has been working on the space station as a member of HM-15 6 months before, continued his work now as a member of HM-16.

Flight program
01.07.1994Launch of the space transporter Soyuz TM-19 into the orbit;
03.07.1994Docking of the space transporter Soyuz TM-19 on the space station;
03.07.1994 – 09.07.1994Common working with the HM-15;
09.07.1994Undocking of the space transporter Soyuz TM-18 from the space station with the HM-15;
02.09.1994 – 04.10.1994Working with the cargo transporter Progress M-24;
09.09.1994Activities outside of the space station (EVA) with a duration of 05 hours and 05 minutes (KO and BI);
13.09.1994Activities outside of the space station (EVA) with a duration of 06 hours and 02 minutes (KO and BI);
06.10.1994 – 04.11.1994Common working with the HM-17 and the ESA-cosmonaut;
04.11.1994Return from orbit and landing of the space transporter Soyuz TM-19, ending of the work of HM-16.
Modificated experiment equipments and -methodes

To increase the scientific power and precision, in the phase RLF-2 and RLF-3 modified versions of the equipments respectively methodes were used compared to AUSTROMIR-91 and the phase RLF-1. In the following experiments of the phase RLF-2 the modified versions of the equipments and methodes were used:

This apparatures were transported to the space station timely before the beginning of the phase RLF-2 , so that at the beginning of the phase experiments with the new methodology could be carried out. Primary the application of the modified apparature KYMO for the experiments MIKROVIB, PULSTRANS, SCHLAF, and NACHT in the phase RLF-2 was planned; but because of unexpected complications during the developement of this apparature its application was delayed into the phase RLF-3.