Biographies of all cosmonauts from the RLF-project


AFANASIYEV Viktor Mikhailovich
Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasiyev (Commandant). Photo: archive
Personal data
Date of birth: 31.12.1948
Place of birth: Bryansk / Bryansk Oblast / Russische SFSR
Family status: married
Children: 2
Selection: 02.09.1985
Function: Commandant
Status: separated on 17.04.2006
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-11 Commandant 02.12.1990 – 26.05.1991 175d 01h 50m
2 Soyuz TM-18 Commandant 08.01.1994 – 09.07.1994 182d 00h 27m
3 Soyuz TM-29 Commandant 20.02.1999 – 28.08.1999 188d 20h 17m
4 Soyuz TM-33 Commandant 21.10.2001 – 31.10.2001 9d 19h 59m
more personal information

Colonel of the Russian air force; completion of the advanced military pilots school (WWAUL) of the air force (WWS) „Alexander F. Mjasnikow“ in Katschinsk, 1970 and the branch „Wsljot“ of the aerospace institute of Moscow MAI „Grigori (Sergo) K. Ordshonikidse“ in Achtubinsk, Oblast Astrachan, Russian SFSR, with a degree as an engineer, 1980; test pilot; chosen on 02.09.1985 from the GKNII for Buran flights, assumed in 1988 in ZPK-9; OKP (Cosmonaut Basic Training): 11/95 – 12/87; Hobbies: driving cars, football, collecting insignia and pins; leave from active military service and from the cosmonaut team due to age reasons.

KONDAKOVA Yelena Vladimirovna
Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova (Board engineer). Photo: NASA
Personal data
Date of birth: 30.03.1957
Place of birth: Rabotschi / Oblast Moscow / Russian SSR
Family status: married
Children: 1
Selection: 25.01.1989
Function: Board engineer
Status: separated on 30.12.1999
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-20 Board engineer 03.10.1994 – 22.03.1995 169d 05h 21m
2 STS-84 MSP 15.05.1997 – 24.05.1997 9d 05h 20m
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Graduate of the Technical Bauman College in Moscow, 1980, mechanical engineer; married since 1985 with the cosmonaut Waleri Rjumin; chosen on 25.01.1989 by GMWK as a cosmonaut (NPOE-9); OKP (Cosmonaut Basic Training): 01.10.1990 – 06.03.1992; Hobbies: theatre, fishing, reading, making holidays, tennis, cars; part of the Russian Parliament since 2000.

MALENCHENKO Yuri Ivanovich
Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko (Commandant). Photo: NASA
Personal data
Date of birth: 22.12.1961
Place of birth: Svetlovodsk / Kirovograd Oblast / Ukrainian SSR
Family status: married
Children: 1
Selection: 26.03.1987
Function: Commandant
Status: separated
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-19 Commandant 01.07.1994 – 04.11.1994 125d 22h 53m
2 STS-106 MSP 08.09.2000 – 20.09.2000 11d 19h 12m
3 Soyuz TMA-2 Commandant 26.04.2003 – 28.10.2003 184d 22h 46m
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Graduate of the advanced military flying school in Tschugujew, Oblast Charkov, 1983; graduate of the Schukowski Air-force Engineer Academy, 1993; Colonel of the Russian air force; military pilot, chosen as a cosmonaut on 26.03.1987 by GMWK (ZPK-8); OKP (Cosmonaut Basic Training): 12/78 – 6/89; Hobbies: sport, games, music, hunting.

MUSABAYEV Talgat Amangeldyevich
Talgat Amangeldyevich Musabayev (Board engineer). Photo: BMBWK, Vienna
Personal data
Date of birth: 07.01.1951
Place of birth: Kargaly / Oblast Dshampul / Kazakh SSR
Family status: married
Children: 2
Selection: 11.05.1990
Function: Board engineer
Status: separated on 27.11.2003
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-19 Board engineer 01.07.1994 – 04.11.1994 125d 22h 53m
2 Soyuz TM-27 Commandant 29.01.1998 – 25.08.1998 207d 12h 51m
3 Soyuz TM-32 Commandant 28.04.2001 – 06.05.2001 7d 22h 04m
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Graduated the higher aeronautical engineer military school (WIAWU) „Leninscher Komsomol“ in Riga, 1974; certificat of the higher flying school in Aktjubinsk as graduated engineer, 1983; received 2000 a graduate as candidate from the technical science; decorated stunt pilot; aeronautical engineer; on 11th May 1990 from the GMWK selected as cosmonaut; 1991 nomination as major and changing to the airforce cosmonaut group (ZPK-11); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 01.10.1990 – 13.09.1991; double for the Soyuz TM-13 mission; after the separate he became assistant chairman of the Shukowski-Academy and general major (September 2003).

Dr. POLJAKOV Valeri Vladimirovich
Dr. Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov (Board doctor). Photo: archive
Personal data
Date of birth: 27.04.1942
Place of birth: Tula / Oblast Tula / Russian SSR
Family status: married
Children: 1
Selection: 22.03.1972
Function: Board doctor
Status: separated on 01.06.1995
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-6 Research doctor 29.08.1988 – 27.04.1989 240d 22h 34m
2 Soyuz TM-18 Doctor-cosmonaut 08.01.1994 – 22.03.1995 437d 17h 58m
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Completion of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute (1. MMI) „Ivan M. Setschenow“ in Moscow, 1965; received the title of a candidate of the medical scientists, 1976; specialist for space-flight medicine in the Institute for Bio-medical Problems (IMBP) in Moscow; chosen as a cosmonaut on 22.03.1972 by GMWK (IMBP-1); OKP (Cosmonaut Basic Training): 10/72 – 12/79; retired on 01.06.1995; from 1989 to1997 as associate director of the IMBP; concluded his doctor’s degree of the medical scientists in 1997 and became a professor of the International Academy for Astronautics.

USACHEV Yuri Vladimirovich
Yuri Vladimirovich Usachev (Board engineer). Photo: NASA
Personal data
Date of birth: 09.10.1957
Place of birth: Donezk / Oblast Rostow / Russian SSR
Family status: married
Children: 1
Selection: 25.01.1989
Function: Board engineer
Status: separated on 05.04.2004
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-18 Board engineer 08.01.1994 – 09.07.1994 182d 00h 27m
2 Soyuz TM-23 Board engineer 21.02.1996 – 02.09.1996 193d 19h 07m
3 STS-101 MSP 19.05.2000 – 29.05.2000 9d 20h 10m
4 STS-102 Commandant ISS 08.03.2001 – 22.08.2001 167d 06h 41m
more personal information

Graduate of the Moscow Aerospace Institute MAI, 1985, Engineer, Member of the NPO Energija; chosen as a cosmonaut on 25.01.1989 by GMWK (NPOE-9); OKP (Cosmonaut Basic Training): 4/89 – 1/91; Hobbies: sport, hiking, video-production, still works in the 291 detachment of the RKKE.

VIKTORENKO Aleksandr Stepanovich
Aleksandr Stepanovich Viktorenko (Commandant). Photo: BMBWK, Vienna
Personal data
Date of birth: 29.03.1947
Place of birth: Olginka / Oblast Sewerno-Kazakhstan / Kazakh SSR
Family status: married
Children: 2
Selection: 23.05.1978
Function: Commandant
Status: separated on 30.05.1997
Space flights
No Mission Function Duration Duration of flight
1 Soyuz TM-3 Commandant 22.07.1987 – 30.07.1987 7d 23h 04m
2 Soyuz TM-8 Commandant 05.09.1989 – 19.02.1990 166d 06h 58m
3 Soyuz TM-14 Commandant 17.03.1992 – 10.08.1992 145d 14d 10m
4 Soyuz TM-20 Commandant 03.10.1994 – 22.03.1995 169d 05h 21m
more personal information

Officer from the airforce; graduated on the military flight school Orenburg; test pilot; on 23 May 1978 selected as cosmonaut (ZPK-7); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/78 – 24.02.1982; 1979 at a trainings accident disabled; hobbies: accordion play, cars, hunt; separated on 30.05.1997; working in the Gagarin training center as civil coach.