The Crews


15. Main Crew (HM-15)

The crew of the mission Soyuz TM-18 (15. Main Crew) was comprised of the team commander (KO), cosmonaut Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasiyev, the onboard engineer (BI), cosmonaut Yuri Vladimirovich Usachev, and the scientist cosmonaut Dr. Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov.

The HM-15 (Soyuz TM-18) with Dr. Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov, Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasiyev and Yuri Vladimirovich Usachev (from the left to the right). Photo: archive
The emblem of the 15. Main Crew (Soyuz TM-18). Photo: archive
16. Main Crew (HM-16)

The crew of the mission Soyuz TM-19 (16. Main Crew) was made up of the team commander (KO) Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko and the onboard engineer (BI) Talgat Amangeldyevich Musabayev. The scientist cosmonaut (WK), Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov, who previously worked for 6 months on the space station as a member of HM-15, continued his job also as a member of HM-16.

The HM-16 (Soyuz TM-19) with Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko and Talgat Amangeldyevich Musabayev (from the left to the right). Photo: archive
The emblem of the 16. Main Crew (Soyuz TM-19). Photo: archive
17. Main Crew (HM-17)

The crew of the mission TM-20 (17. Main Crew) consisted of the commander Aleksandr Stepanovich Viktorenko, the onboard engineer Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova and Ulf Dietrich Merbold, who was part of the EUROMIR-94 mission. The scientist cosmonaut (WK), Valeri Vladimirovich Poljakov, who previously worked for 270 days on the space station as a member of HM-15 and HM-16, continued his job also as a member of HM-17.

The HM-17 with Aleksandr Stepanovich Viktorenko, Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova and Ulf Dietrich Merbold (from the left to the right). Photo: archive
The emblem of the 17. Main Crew (Soyuz TM-20). Photo: archive